Use of Entomopathogenic Nematodes to Suppress Meloidogyne incognita on Greenhouse Tomatoes
Tomato seedlings in a growth chamber were inoculated with 150 Meloidogyne incognita eggs and 25 infective juveniles (IJ)/cm² of Steinernema feltiae, S. riobrave, or Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. With the exception of seedling roots treated with H. bacteriophora, all seedlings treated with entomopathogenic nematodes had fewer M. incognita juveniles inside roots and produced fewer eggs than the control seedlings. Tomato plants in the greenhouse were infested with 4,000 M. incognita eggs and treated 2 weeks before, 1 week before, at the same time, 1 week after, or 2 weeks after with 25 or 125 IJ/cm² of S. feltiae, S. riobrave, or H. bacteriophora. Plants with pre- and post-infestation applications of S. feltiae or S. riobrave suppressed M. incognita. Plants treated with H. bacteriophora 1 week before and at the time of infestation suppressed M. incognita. Increasing the rate of H. bacteriophora and S. feltiae from 25 to 125 IJ/cm² improved M. incognita suppression.
biological control; entomopathogenic nematodes; heterorhabditis bacteriophora; lycopersicum esculentum; meloidogyne incognita; steinernema feltiae; s. riobrave; suppression; tomato