Effect of Crotalaria juncea Amendment on Nematode Communities in Soil with Different Agricultural Histories

K.-H. Wang, R. McSorley, R. N. Gallaher

Abstract


Effect of sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea) hay amendment on nematode community structure in the soil surrounding roots of yellow squash (Cucurbita pepo) infected with root-knot nematodes was examined in two greenhouse experiments. Soils were from field plots treated long-term (LT) with yard-waste compost or no yard-waste compost in LT experiment, and from a short-term (ST) agricultural site in ST experiment. Soils collected were either amended or not amended with C. juncea hay. Nematode communities were examined 2 months after squash was inoculated with Meloidogyne incognita. Amendment increased (P 0.05) omnivorous nematodes in both experiments but increased only bacterivorous nematodes in ST experiment (P 0.05), where the soil had relatively low organic matter ( 2%). This effect of C. juncea amendment did not occur in LT experiment, in which bacterivores were already abundant. Fungivorous nematodes were not increased by C. juncea amendment in either experiment, but predatory nematodes were increased when present. Although most nematode faunal indices, including enrichment index, structure index, and channel index, were not affected by C. juncea amendment, structure index values were affected by previous soil organic matter content. Results illustrate the importance of considering soil history (organic matter, nutrient level, free-living nematode number) in anticipating changes following amendment with C. juncea hay.

Keywords


community structure indices; cucurbita pepo; meloidogyne incognita; organic amendments; squash; sunn hemp

Full Text:

PDF