Reproduction of Mi-Virulent Meloidogyne incognita Isolates on Lycopersicon spp.

X. Huang, M. McGiffen, I. Kaloshian

Abstract


Selection of detectable numbers of Mi-virulent root-knot nematodes has necessitated a greater understanding of nematode responses to new sources of resistance. During the course of this research, we compared the reproduction of four geographically distinct Mi-virulent root-knot nematode isolates on three resistant accessions of Lycopersicon peruvianum. Each accession carried a different resistant gene, Mi-3, Mi-7, or Mi-8. All nematode isolates were verified as Meloidogyne incognita using diagnostic markers in the mitochondrial genome of the nematode. Reproduction of Mi-virulent isolates W1, 133 and HM, measured as eggs per g of root, was greatest on the Mi-7 carrying accession and least on the Mi-8 carrying accession. In general, Mi-3 behaved similar to the Mi-8 carrying accession. Reproduction of the four nematode isolates was also compared on both Mi and non-Mi-carrying L. esculentum cultivars and a susceptible L. peruvianum accession. Resistance mediated by Mi in L. esculentum still impacted the Mi-virulent nematodes with fewer eggs per g of root on the resistant cultivar (P = 0.05). Preliminary histological studies suggests that Mi-8 resistance is mediated by a hypersensitive response, similar to Mi.

Keywords


lycopersicon esculentum; l. peruvianum; meloidogyne spp.; mi-virulent root-knot nematodes; reproduction; resistance mechanism; tomato

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