Inhibitory Effect of Bursaphelenchus mucronatus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) on B. xylophilus Boarding Adult Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)

Shota Jikumaru, Katsumi Togashi

Abstract


Inhibitory effects of Bursaphelenchus mucronatus on the number of B. xylophilus carried by an adult Monochamus alternatus were investigated using artificial pupal chambers. When pupal chambers were infested with either B. xylophilus or B. mucronatus, the load of B. xylophilus onto the beetle was greater (P 0.001) than that of B. mucronatus. However, within the pupal chamber there was no difference in the abundance of the third-stage dispersal juveniles, which would molt to the fourth-stage dispersal juveniles to board beetles. The nematode load on beetles that emerged from pupal chambers infested with both Bursaphelenchus species was smaller (P = 0.015) than that of beetles with B. xylophilus alone but greater (P 0.001) than that of beetles with B. mucronatus alone, suggesting an inhibitory effect of B. mucronatus. As a result of this study, the rate of inhibition of B. mucronatus on molting of third-stage dispersal juveniles of B. xylophilus to fourth-stage dispersal juveniles was 0.65, which resulted in great inhibition on boarding beetles at a rate of 0.7.

Keywords


bursaphelenchus mucronatus; bursaphelenchus xylophilus; interspecific competition; monochamus alternatus; nematode load; phoresy; pine wilt disease; species replacement

Full Text:

PDF