Cyperus Tubers Protect Meloidogyne incognita from 1,3-Dichloropropene

S. H. Thomas, J. Schroeder, L. W. Murray

Abstract


Meloidogyne incognita-infected and noninfected tubers of yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus) and purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) were treated with 56 L/ha 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) in microplots and subsequently examined for tuber and nematode viability in the greenhouse using a chile pepper (Capsicum annuum) bioassay system. The study was conducted three times. Nutsedge tuber viability and M. incognita harbored in both yellow and purple nutsedge tubers were unaffected by 1,3-D treatment. Nematode reproduction on nutsedges and associated chile pepper plants varied among years, possibly due to differing levels of tuber infection or soil temperature, but was not affected by fumigation. The presence of M. incognita resulted in greater yellow nutsedge tuber germination and reproduction. The efficacy of 1,3-D for management of M. incognita in chile pepper production is likely to be reduced when nutsedges are present in high numbers, reinforcing the importance of managing these weeds and nematodes simultaneously.

Keywords


capsicum annuum; chile pepper; cyperus esculentus; cyperus rotundus; 1,3-dichloropropene; fumigant; management; meloidogyne incognita; nematicide; perennial weed; purple nutsedge; root-knot nematode; tuber; yellow nutsedge

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