Effects of Inducers of Systemic Acquired Resistance on Reproduction of Meloidogyne javanica and Rotylenchulus reniformis in Pineapple

B. Chinnasri, B. S. Sipes, D. P. Schmitt

Abstract


The potency of the inducers of systemic acquired resistance (SAR), acibenzolar-s-methyl, DL-a-amino-n-butyric acid (AABA), DL-b-amino-n-butyric acid (BABA), y-amino-n-butyric acid (GABA), p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), riboflavin, and salicylic acid (SA), in reducing reproduction of Meloidogyne javanica and Rotylenchulus reniformis in pineapple was investigated. All inducers were applied as foliar sprays to 1-mon-old pineapple plants (20 ml/plant) grown in 22-cm-diam. pots in the greenhouse. Two days after application, 10,000 eggs of M. javanica or R. reniformis were inoculated onto the plants. Six months after inoculation, nematode reproduction was measured. Acibenzolar decreased R. reniformis egg production by 58% compared to the nontreated control (P ≤ 0.05). Acibenzolar, BABA, and riboflavin reduced M. javanica egg production by 60% to 64% compared to the nontreated control (P ≤ 0.05). The point in the pineapple SAR pathway that each compound activates may explain the differing results between M. javanica and its giant cells and R. reniformis and its syncytia. Foliar application of acibenzolar at 100 and 200 mg/liter decreased by 30% and 60%, respectively, the number of M. javanica eggs as compared to the nontreated control. Fresh shoot weight of pineapple treated with 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg/liter acibenzolar was reduced by 1.2%, 3.3%, 9.9%, and 33% compared to the nontreated pineapple, respectively (P ≤ 0.05). Foliar application of acibenzolar may activate intrinsic resistance of pineapple to M. javanica and R. reniformis and may have a role in the sustainable management of nematodes in pineapple.

Keywords


acibenzolar-s-methyl; Ananas comosus; DL-a-amino-n-butyric acid; DL-b-amino-n-butyric acid; y-amino-n-butyric acid; Meloidogyne javanica; p-aminobenzoic acid; pineapple; reniform nematode; riboflavin; root-knot nematode; Rotylenchulus reniformis; salicylic acid; systemic acquired resistance.

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