Cotton Root Protection from Plant-Parasitic Nematodes by Abamectin-Treated Seed

T. R. Faske, J. L. Starr

Abstract


Abamectin is nematicidal to Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis, but the duration and length of cotton taproot protection from nematode infection by abamectin-treated seed is unknown. Based on the position of initial root-gall formation along the developing taproot from 21 to 35 d after planting, infection by M. incognita was reduced by abamectin seed treatment. Penetration of developing taproots by both nematode species was suppressed at taproot length of 5 cm by abamectintreated seed, but root penetration increased rapidly with taproot development. Based on an assay of nematode mobility to measure abamectin toxicity, the mortality of M. incognita associated with a 2-d-old emerging cotton radicle was lower than mortality associated with the seed coat, indicating that more abamectin was on the seed coat than on the radicle. Thus, the limited protection of early stage root development suggested that only a small portion of abamectin applied to the seed was transferred to the developing root system.

Keywords


abamectin; avermectin; cotton; Gossypium hirsutum; Meloidogyne incognita; nematicide; reniform nematode; root-knot nematode; Rotylenchulus reniformis; seed treatment.

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