Characterization of Aminopeptidase in the Free-living Nematode Panagrellus redivivus: Subcellular Distribution and Possible Role in Neuropeptide Metabolism

E. P. Masler

Abstract


Aminopeptidase was detected in homogenates of the free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus with the aminoacyl substrate L-alanine-4-nitroanilide. Subcellular distribution of activity was 80% soluble and 20% membrane-associated. Aminopeptidases in the two fractions differed in affinity for Ala-4-NA, with Km's of 0.65 mM (soluble) and 2.90 mM (membrane). Specific activities (units/mg) at pH 7.8, 27øC were 9.10 (soluble) and 14.30 (membrane). Each enzyme was competitively inhibited by amastatin (90% at 100 æM inhibitor, IC50 = 3.7 æM) and inhibited by puromycin (30% at 500 æM) and 1,10-phenanthroline (IC50's:; 148 æM, soluble; 89 æM, membrane). Activity was restored by Zn++, with maximum recoveries of 50% (soluble) and 90% (membrane), each at 23 æM ZnCl2. Estimated molecular masses for each were ~150 kDa. FMRFamide-like neuropeptides behaved as competitive inhibitors. Modification of the N-terminal F of FMRFamide weakened inhibition by 95%, suggesting that the N-terminus is essential for binding to the enzyme. Two nematode FMRFamides, APKPFIRFa and RNKFEFIRFa, were the most potent tested. This is the first biochemical characterization of aminopeptidase in a free-living nematode other than Caenorhabditis elegans and demonstrates the high selectivity of the P. redivivus enzymes for neuropeptide substrates.

Keywords


FMRFamide-like peptide; inhibitor; membrane; metallopeptidase; neuropeptide; protease

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