Effect of Temperature on the Embryogenesis of Geographic Populations of Rotylenchulus reniformis

Megan Leach, Paula Agudelo, and Patrick Gerard

Abstract


The effect of temperature on the embryonic development of three populations of reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis) from the southeastern United States was studied. The development of eggs from single-cell stage to eclosion of second-stage juvenile was monitored at 20, 25, 30, and 35°C. All populations completed embryogenesis in 7 days at 25°C. The greatest differences among populations in time to completion of embryogenesis were observed at 20 and 35°C. Results at the intermediate temperatures (25 and 30°C) were similar for the three populations. The optimal temperature for embryogenesis was calculated to be 31.4°C for the population from Alabama, 28.4°C for the one from Mississippi, and 37.5°C for the one from South Carolina.

Keywords


embryogenesis; Rotylenchulus reniformis; reniform nematode; temperature

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