Cloning, Sequence, and Expression Analysis of a New MnSOD-Encoding Gene from the Root-Knot Nematode Meloidogyne incognita

Laura C. Rosso

Abstract


A gene encoding a manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) enzyme (Mi-mnsod) was identified and characterized in second-stage juveniles of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. The Mi-mnsod gene was found to possess five exons and four introns with (GT/AG) consensus splice-site junctions. The deduced amino acid sequence of Mi-mnsod encodes a putative 25 KDa protein, with conserved amino acid residues of the MnSOD family, including the Parker-Blake signature and four metal-binding sites. The derived amino acid sequence showed high similarity to other eukaryotic MnSODs, including a 23 amino acid N-terminal putative mitochondrial transit peptide. Gene expression was observed throughout the posterior nematode body region with elevated signal intensities at the anterior portion of the intestine. DNA blot analysis and sequencing data showed the occurrence of three putative copies of the MnSOD gene with nucleotide polymorphisms found at the fourth exon and the 3' un-translated region.

Keywords


Meloidogyne incognita; root knot nematode; manganese superoxide dismutase; anti-oxidant defense

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