Retention of Resistance to Meloidogyne incognita in Lycopersicon Genotypes at High Soil Temperature

M. Ammati, I. J. Thomason, H. E. McKinney

Abstract


Lycopersicon glandulosum and L. peruvianum clones and L. esculentum cultivars 'VFN8' (resistant) and 'Rutgers' (susceptible) were tested for their resistance to Meloidogyne incognita (race l) at soil temperatures of 25 and 32 C. L. esculentum cv. VFN8 and L. peruvianum Acc. No. 128657, both of which possess the Mi gene, were resistant at 25 C but were susceptible at 32 C. L. glandulosum Acc. No. 126443 and L. peruvianum Acc. No. 270435, with combined resistance to M. hapla and M. incognita, and L. peruvianum Acc. Nos. 129152 and LA2157, with resistance to M. incognita, were highly resistant at both temperatures. In a second experiment three of these accessions under heat stress simulated by 32 C ambient and soil temperature retained a high level of resistance. Two clones of L, glandulosum Acc. No. 126440, with resistance to M. hapla, were moderately susceptible to M. incognita at 25 and highly susceptible at 32 C. M. incognita produced significantly (P = 0.01) more eggs on L. esculentum cv. Rutgers at 32 than at 25 C. This study supports the existence of genes other than the Mi gene that confer resistance to M. incognita and are functional at high soil temperatures. Key words: root-knot nematodes, resistance, Lycopersicon, soil temperature, tomato.

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