Biology and Pathogenicity of Pratylenchus neglectus on Alfalfa

G. D. Griffin, F. A. Gray

Abstract


Pratylenchus neglectus reduced the growth of alfalfa cultivars in greenhouse and growth chamber studies. Inocula (1,000, 5,000 and 10,000 nematodes per plant) reduced shoot dry weights of Ranger by 16, 27, and 40%, of Lahontan by 16, 32, and 40%, and of Nevada Synthetic XX (Nev Syn XX) by 18, 26, and 37%, respectively, at 26 ± 2 C. Pratylenchus neglectus at 1,000 nematodes per plant reduced Ranger shoot dry weights by 5, 12, 18, and 27%, at 15, 20, 25, and 30 C, respectively, whereas 5,000 nematodes per plant reduced shoot dry weights by 12, 17, 26, and 38%, respectively, at similar temperatures. Reductions in dry root weights were directly related to reductions in shoot growth. At 1,000 nematodes per plant, Ranger root dry weights were reduced by 3, 14, 40, and 40%, whereas 5,000 nematodes per plant reduced root dry weight by 25, 31, 59, and 63%, respectively, at similar temperatures. Similar results were observed on Lahontan and Nev Syn XX at the same inoculum levels and soil temperatures. Nematode reproductive indices (final nematode population per plant divided by initial nematode inoculum per plant) were higher at 1,000 nematodes per plant than at 5,000 nematodes per plant, were positively correlated with temperature, and were unaffected by cultivar. Key words: alfalfa, Medicago sativa, pathogenicity, plant mortality, Pratylenchus neglectus, reproduction, root weight, shoot weight.

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