Genomic RFLP Analysis of Meloidogyne arenaria Race 2 Populations

A. S. Carpenter, E. E. Hiatt, S. A. Lewis, A. G. Abbott

Abstract


Traditional morphological methods of Meloidogyne identification have been unsuccessful in distinguishing three South Carolina, USA Meloidogyne arenaria race 2 populations---Govan, Pelion, and Florence. These populations differ greatly in reproductive rate and aggressiveness on soybean hosts. Total genomic DNA from eggs of each population was digested with the restriction endonuclease Eco RI and Southern hybridization analyses were performed with single-copy and interspersed multi-copy cloned probes. Probes were isolated from a genomic library of Eco RI, M. arenaria DNA fragments cloned into pUC8. One probe, designated pE1.6A, when hybridized to Southern blots of M. arenaria genomic DNAs, displayed an interspersed repetitive pattern, and the RFLPs distinguished the Govan population from the Pelion and Florence populations. Another clone, pE6.0A, carrying moderately repeated sequences, distinguished the Pelion and Florence isolates. This communication demonstrates the utility of genomic RFLP analysis for distinguishing populations of the same race within the same species. To test the possible utility of these moderately repeated sequence probes for detecting the presence of nematode DNA in DNA samples from roots inoculated with varying numbers of nematodes, dot blot hybridization analyses were performed. It is possible to detect as few as 30 nematodes per root sample with these cloned probes. Key words: DNA, Glycine max, M. arenaria, nematode, restriction fragment length polymorphism.

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