Pasteuria sp. Parasitizing Trophonema okamotoi in Florida

R. N. Inserra, M. Oostendorp, D. W. Dickson

Abstract


Two populations of Trophonema okamotoi parasitized by Pasteuria sp. were found on Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum) and on an unidentified tropical grass in north-central Florida. Endospores of this Pasteuria sp. attached to motile vermiform second-stage juveniles (J2) and males of T. okamotoi, but not to other developmental stages. Sporangia and new endospores were produced only inside the bodies of swollen and sedentary third- and fourth-stage juveniles and females that developed in the host roots. No egg masses were produced by infected T. okamotoi females. The endospore diameter from the tropical grass population was 4.93 [mu]m and the central core diameter was 1.97 [mu]m; measurements of endospores from the sweetgum populations were similar. Endospores that were collected from T. okamotoi and added to uninfected T. okamotoi and other plant-parasitic nematodes attached/to J2 of T. okamotoi but did not attach to juveniles and adults of Helicotylenchus pseudorotrustus, P ratylenchus brachyurus, or to J2 of either Meloidogyne arenaria race 1, M. incognita race 1, M. javanica, or Tylenchulus semipenetrans. Pasteuria sp. from T. okamotoi differed from the described Pasteuria species in endospore size, host preference, and rate of attachment. Key words: bacterium, biological control, endospore, host range, nematode, Pasteuria nishizawae, P. penetrans, P. thornei, spore attachment, Trophonema okamotoi.

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