Life Cycle of Steinernema scapterisci Nguyen & Smart, 1990

K. B. Nguyen, G. C. Smart, Jr.

Abstract


The life cycle of Steinernema scapterisci Nguyen and Smart, 1990 consists of an egg stage, four juvenile stages, and an adult stage (male and female). The cycle from IJ (third stage infective juveniles) to IJ may proceed by one of two routes. If the nutrient supply is sufficient and the population is not overcrowded, the IJ develop to adult males and females of the first generation. Most eggs from these adult females hatch and the juveniles develop through each life stage to become adult males and females of the second generation. Eggs produced by these females develop to IJ. This cycle takes 8-10 days (long cycle) at 24 C. If the nutrient supply is insufficient or if overcrowded, the IJ develop to adult males and females of the first generation, and eggs produced by the females develop directly to IJ. This cycle takes 6-7 days (short cycle). The nematode is less tolerant of lower temperatures and more tolerant of higher temperatures than are other species of the genus. The sex ratio is influenced by temperature. At 15 and 24 C, females constituted 54% and 60% of the population, respectively, but at 30 C females constituted 47% of the population. Key words: entomopathogenic nematode, life cycle, nematode, sex ratio, Steinernema scapterisci.

Full Text:

PDF