A Novel Technique for Infesting Field Sites with Encapsulated Eggs of Meloidogyne spp.

S. R. Koenning, K. R. Barker

Abstract


Eggs of Meloidogyne arenaria race 1 were encapsulated in calcium alginate for use as inoculum to infest peanut field plots. Some eggs within the capsules remained viable up to 10 weeks after preparation. A field site was successfully infested at peanut planting and (or) 6 weeks later. Dual applications of nematode inoculum (at planting and 6 weeks later) were superior to single applications (at planting or 6 weeks after planting). Field-site infestation levels at the end of the first year were related to the amount of inoculum dispersed and timing of the infestation (P = 0.001). Peanut yield was only slightly affected in the first year, but significant (P = 0.02) yield suppression occurred during the second year after field infestations. The negative relationship between the numbers of M. arenaria eggs and juveniles per 500 cm³ soil in the fall and the percentage of peanut hull galled the second year was described by a quadratic model (P = 0.002, R² = 0.41). Key words: Arachis hypogaea, damage threshold, infestation technique, Meloidogyne arenaria, nematode, peanut, root-knot nematode.

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