Plant and Soil Nematodes: Societal Impact and Focus for the Future.

K. R. Barker, R. S. Hussey, L. R. Krusberg, G. W. Bird, R. A. Dunn, H. Ferris, V. R. Ferris, D. W. Freckman, C. J. Gabriel, P. S. Grewal, A. E. MacGuidwin, D. L. Riddle, P. A. Roberts, D. P. Schmitt

Abstract


Plant and soil nematodes significandy impact our lives. Therefore, we must understand and manage these complex organisms so that we may continue to develop and sustain our food production systems, our natural resources, our environment, and our quality of life. This publication looks specifically at soil and plant nematology. First, the societal impact of nematodes and benefits of nematology research are briefly presented. Next, the opportunities facing nematology in the next decade are outlined, as well as the resources needed to address these priorities. The safety and sustainability of U.S. food and fiber production depends on public and administrative understanding of the importance of nematodes, the drastic effects of nematodes on many agricultural and horticultural crops, and the current research priorities of nematology. Key words: alternative management tactics, behavior, benefit to society, beneficial nematodes, biochemistry, biological control, constraints in nematology, control, crop rotation, cultural practice, ecology, education, environment, extension, diagnostics, funding, genetics, host-parasite interaction, information transfer, molecular genetics, nematicide, nematode, nematology, nematode management, nutrient cycling, pesticide, plant parasites, research goals, research priorities, resistance, resource, science of nematology, society, spread, sustainable agriculture, systematics.

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