Fine Structure of the Head and Cervical Region of Ceramonema carinatum (Chromadorida: Ceramonematidae)

Aimorn C. Stewart, Warwick L. Nicholas

Abstract


Structure of the head and cervical region of Ceramonema carinatum (Chromadorida: Ceramonematidae) was described from transmission electron microscopy of serial transverse and longitudinal sections of two females. An unbroken massive cortical layer encompasses the head, except where three thin liplets surround the mouth. A large flask-shaped buccal cavity, with simpler less dense cuticle identical with that of the pharynx, abuts the body cuticle just within the mouth. Myoepithelial ceils constituting the buccal and pharyngeal regions were described. Sixteen head sensilla, the amphids, and dorsal and ventral internal sensilla were identified and described, each with associated sheath and socket cells. Ultrasturcture of the head was compared with that of other nematodes. Arrangement of sensilla resembled that of Monhysterida and Rhabditida with some significant variations, such as prominent longitudinally arranged intracellular organelles containing many microtubules associated with the amphids. The buccal cavity was almost entirely pharyngeal in character. A well-developed system of structural fibrils and abundant hemidesmosomes were notable features. Key words: buccal cavity, Ceramonema, cuticle, muscles, Nematoda, pharynx, sensilla, ultrastructure.

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