A Pathotype System to Describe Intraspecific Variation in Pathogenicity of Meloidogyne chitwoodi

J. G. Van der Beek, P. W. Th. Maas, G. J. W. Janssen, C. Zijlstra, C. H. Van Silfhout

Abstract


Tests of eight Dutch Meloidogyne chitwoodi isolates to the differential set for host races 1 and 2 in M. chitwoodi provided no evidence for the existence of host race 2 in the Netherlands. The data showed deviations from expected reactions on the differential hosts, which raised doubts of the usefulness of the host race classification in M. chitwoodi. The term ''pathotype'' is proposed for groups of isolates of one Meloidogyne sp. that exhibit the same level of pathogenicity on genotypes of one host species. We recommend that the pathotype classification be applied in pathogen-host relationships when several genotypes of a Meloidogyne sp. are tested on several genotypes of one host species. Three pathotypes of M. chitwoodi were identified on Solanum bulbocastanum, suggesting at least two different genetic factors for virulence and resistance in the pathogen and the host species, respectively. The occurrence of several virulence factors in M. chitwoodi will complicate the successful application of resistance factors from S. bulbocastanum for developing resistant potato cultivars.

Keywords


biotype; daucus carota; host race; intraspecific variation; medicago sativa; meloidogyne chitwoodi; nematode; pathogen-by-host interaction; pathotype; resistance; root-knot nematode; solanum bulbocastanum; virulence

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