Tolerance to Hololaimus columbus in Glyphosate-Resistant, Transgenic Soybean Cultivars

S. R. Koenning

Abstract


Transgenic soybean cultivars, resistant to glyphosate herbicide in maturity groups V and VI, were evaluated for tolerance to the Columbia lance nematode, Hoplolaimus columbus, in field experiments conducted in 1998 and 1999. Treatment with 43 liter/ha of 1,3-dichloropropene was effective in suppressing H. columbus population densities in a split-plot design. Fumigation increased soybean yield, but a significant cultivar × fumigation interaction indicated variation in cultivar response to H. columbus. A tolerance index (yield of nontreated ÷ yield of treated × 100) was used to compare cultivar differences. Two cultivars in maturity group VI and one cultivar in maturity group V had a tolerance index greater than 90, indicating a high level of tolerance.

Keywords


columbia lance nematode; crop loss; fumigant nematicide; glycine max; glyphosate; herbicide-resistant crops; hoplolaimus columbus; host-plant tolerance; nematode; soybean

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