Intercropping Cover Crops with Pineapple for the Management of Rotylenchulus reniformis

K.-H. Wang, B. S. Sipes, D. P. Schmitt

Abstract


Effect of cover crops intercropped with pineapple (Ananas comosus) on Rotylenchulus reniformis population densities and activity of nematode-trapping fungi (NTF) were evaluated in two cycles of cover crop and pineapple. Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea), rapeseed (Brassica napus), African marigold (Tagetes erecta), or weeds were intercropped with pineapples. Beds planted with sunn hemp or rapeseed had lower population densities of R. reniformis than African marigold, weeds, or pineapple plots during cover crop growth, and the subsequent pineapple-growing periods. Rapeseed was a good host to Meloidogyne javanica and resulted in high population densities of M. javanica in the subsequent pineapple crop. Fireweed (Erigeron canadensis) occurred commonly and was a good host to R. reniformis. Bacterivorous nematode population densities increased (P = 0.05) most in sunn hemp, especially early after planting. Nematode-trapping fungi required a long period to develop measurable population densities. Population densities of NTF were higher in cover crops than weeds or pineapples during the first crop cycle (P 0.05). Although pineapple produced heavier fruits following sunn hemp than in the other treatments (P 0.05), commercial yields were not different among rapeseed, weed, and sunn hemp treatments.

Keywords


ananas comosus; brassica napus; crotalaria juncea; marigold; meloidogyne javanica; nematode; nematode-trapping fungi; rapeseed; root-knot; reniform; sunn hemp; tagetes erecta; weeds

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