Rotylenchulus reniformis Management in Cotton with Crop Rotation

R. F. Davis, S. R. Koenning, R. C. Kemerait, T. D. Cummings, W. D. Shurley

Abstract


One-year crop rotations with corn or highly resistant soybean were evaluated at four locations for their effect on Rotylenchulus reniformis population levels and yield of a subsequent cotton crop. Four nematicide (aldicarb) regimes were included at two of the locations, and rotation with reniform-susceptible soybean was included at the other two locations. One-year rotations to corn or resistant soybean resulted in lower R. reniformis population levels (P = 0.05) than those found in cotton at three test sites. However, the effect of rotation on nematode populations was undetectable by mid-season when cotton was grown the following year. Cotton yield following a one-year rotation to resistant soybean increased at all test locations compared to continuous cotton, and yield following corn increased at three locations. The optimum application rate for aldicarb in this study was 0.84 kg a.i./ha in furrow. Side-dress applications of aldicarb resulted in yield increases that were insufficient to cover the cost of application in 3 of the 4 years.

Keywords


aldicarb; corn; cotton; crop loss; crop rotation; glycine max; gossypium hirsutum; reniform nematode; rotylenchulus reniformis; soybean; zea mays

Full Text:

PDF