Mechanism of Resistance to Meloidogyne arenaria in the Peanut Cultivar COAN

I. F. Bendezu, J. L. Starr

Abstract


Resistance to Meloidogyne arenaria in the peanut cultivar COAN is inherited as a single, dominant gene. The mechanism of resistance to M. arenaria in COAN was evaluated in three experiments. In the first experiment the number of second-stage juveniles (J2) of M. arenaria penetrating roots of the susceptible cultivar Florunner was higher than the number of J2 penetrating roots of the resistant peanut cultivar COAN (P 0.05). In a second experiment it was determined that the root size and number of potential infection courts (root tips) were similar for the two peanut cultivars. The number of nematodes emigrating from roots of COAN after penetration was greater than emigrated from roots of Florunner (P 0.05). Necrotic host tissue was rarely observed in roots of COAN infected with M. arenaria, suggesting that resistance to M. arenaria does not involve a necrotic, hypersensitive response. Most of the J2 observed in roots of COAN were restricted to the cortical tissue, with only 1 of 90 J2 observed being associated with the vascular cylinder, whereas in Florunner 70% of the J2 were associated with vascular tissues. Resistance in COAN may be due to constitutive factors in the roots.

Keywords


arachis hypogaea; emigration; host resistance; hypersensitive reaction; meloidogyne arenaria; peanut; penetration; root-knot nematode

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