Effects of a Commercial Formulation of Bacillus firmus I-1582 on Golf Course Bermudagrass Infested with Belonolaimus longicaudatus.

William T. Crow

Abstract


One of the primary pests of bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) on golf courses in the southeastern United States is Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode). In 2011, a commercial formulation of Bacillus firmus I-1582, Nortica 5WG, was launched in the United States for management of plant-parasitic nematodes on turfgrasses. To test the efficacy of late winter/early spring application of this biopesticide on B. longicaudatus, two field trials in 2009 compared B. firmus with fenamiphos and untreated control treatments. In 2011, two additional field trials compared treatment with B. firmus with untreated control only. These trials measured treatment effects on the population density of B. longicaudatus, turf root length, and turf percent green cover. In all four trials, treatment with B. firmus improved root length and decreased numbers of B. longicaudatus in contrast to the untreated. These results indicate that late winter/early spring application of B. firmus is an effective biopesticide treatment for management of B. longicaudatus on golf course bermudagrass.

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