Further Studies on Soil Nematode Fauna in North Western Iran with the Description of One New Species

Majid Pedram, Ebrahim Pourjam, Mohammad Reza Atighi, Yousef Panahandeh

Abstract


Heterodorus youbertghostai n. sp. is described and illustrated based onmorphological,morphometric, andmolecular data. The new species was found in two geographically distant points in northwestern Iran and is characterized by having angular lip region, separated from the rest body by a constriction, body length of 1,432.5 to 1,751.3 mm, odontostyle length of 24 to 28 mm, rod-like odontophore, 37.0 to 42.5 mm long, lacking flanges at base, double guiding ring at 14 to 16 mm distance from anterior end, pharyngeal bulb comprising 40% to 48% of pharynx, intestine usually containing green material, female reproductive system amphidelphic with less divided short uterus, specific structure of pars distalis vaginae, bluntly conical tail, dorsally convex and ventrally flat, with rounded tip and saccate bodies in ventral side. The new species comesmore close to H. conicaudatus and H. irregularis by its morphology and morphometric characters. Compared to former, it has remarkable difference in vulva position and tail characters, and compared to the latter, it could be separated by shorter body, posteriorly located vulva, wider lip region, and longer tail. In phylogenetic analyses using partial sequences of 28S rDNA D2-D3, the new species formed a fully supported clade with several isolates of H. brevidentatus, prevalent in Iran. The other nordiid taxon, Enchodorus dolichurus, already reported from Iran, was also sequenced for the same genomic region and included in phylogenetic analyses.

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