Postinfection Development of Rotylenchulus reniformis on Resistant Gossypium barbadense Accessions

Salliana R. Stetina

Abstract


The reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis) causes significant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) losses in the southeastern United States. The research objective was to describe the effects of two resistant G. barbadense lines (cultivar TX 110 and accession GB 713) on development and fecundity of reniform nematode. Nematode development and fecundity were evaluated on the resistant lines and susceptible G. hirsutum cultivar Deltapine 16 in three repeated growth chamber experiments. Nematode development on roots early and late in the infection cycle was measured at set intervals from 1 to 25 d after inoculation (DAI) and genotypes were compared based on the number of nematodes in four developmental stages (vermiform, swelling, reniform, and gravid). At 15, 20, and 25 DAI, egg production by individual females parasitizing each genotype was measured. Unique reniform nematode developmental patterns were noted on each of the cotton genotypes. During the early stages of infection, infection and development occurred 1 d faster on susceptible cotton than on the resistant genotypes. Later, progression to the reniform and gravid stages of development occurred first on the susceptible genotype, followed by G. barbadense cultivar TX 110, and finally G. barbadense accession GB 713. Egg production by individual nematodes infecting the three genotypes was similar. This study corroborates delayed development previously reported on G. barbadense cultivar TX 110 and is the first report of delayed infection and development associated with G. barbadense accession GB 713. The different developmental patterns in the resistant genotypes suggest that unique or additional loci may confer resistance in these two lines.

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