The Combination of Digital Communications: Music and the Telegraph in the 19th Century

Margaret-Mary Owens

Abstract


The invention of the telegraph was an offspring of a newly industrialized world and changing economy. It heralded in the race for speed, mass production, mass communication, and convenience. With this changing world came countless ways in which technology impacted society and other fields of study, including the little-investigated relationship of the telegraph with music and musicians in the nineteenth century. While the influence the telegraph had on society can be seen in the music of Hans Christian Lumbye and father and son duo Johann Strauss I and II, music also had a heavy influence on the development of the telegraph, with music theory and the keyboard’s interface finding their way into early designs. Only by examining this uniquely symbiotic relationship can the very lingual aspect of music and the very music-based history of modern communication be fully appreciated.


Keywords


Telegraph; music history; communication

Full Text:

PDF

References


Banerjee, Jacqueline. “Charles Wheatstone (1802-1875).” The Victorian Web: Literature, History, and Culture in the age of Victoria. Last modified 15 August 2014. Accessed February 13, 2016, http://victorianweb.org/technology/inventors/wheatstone.html.

Celebrationofmusic13, uploader. Hans Christian Lumbye – Telegraph, Gallop. Youtube, 3:44. January 26, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWGMx7p0q_Y

Coe, Lewis. The Telegraph: A History of Morse’s Invention and Its Predecessors in the United States. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1993.

Davies, Hugh. "Electronic instruments." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. accessed February 13, 2016. http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/08694pg2.

“Elisha Gray's Music Telegraph.” Evolution of Electronic Music. Accessed February 13, 2016. http://emhistory.wikispaces.com/1876+Musical+Telegraph

Jürgensen, Knud Arne. “Hans Christian Lumbye: The Telegraph Gallop (1844).” The Royal Library: National Library of Denmark and Copenhagen University Library. Accessed 2/13/16. 2010. http://www.kb.dk/en/nb/dcm/udgivelser/lumbye/telegraph-galop.html

Kemp, Peter. "Strauss." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. Accessed February 13, 2016. http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/52380pg1.

Kieve, Jeffrey. The Electric Telegraph: A Social and Economic History.” Great Britain: Latimmer Trend & Company, 1973.

Kornblith, Gary. “Elisha Gray (1835-1901).” Electronic Oberlin Group. Oberlin Through History. 2009. Accessed February 13, 2016, http://www.oberlin.edu/external/EOG/OYTT-images/ElishaGray.html.

Mailer, Franz, trans. By Keith Anderson. “Musikalischer Telegraph (Musical Telegraph,) 5. Potpourri, Op. 106,” Johann Strauss I Edition, Vol. 9, Slovak Sinfonietta Zilina. Accessed March 4, 2016. http://fsu.naxosmusiclibrary.com/sharedfiles/booklets/MPC/booklet-8.225285.pdf

“Mon Salut a St. Petersbour: Sankt Petersburg Salut.” Rundel. Accessed February 13, 2016, http://www.rundel.de/de/mon_salut_a_st_petersbourg/a-1/7876

“Musikalischer Telegraph, grand potpourri for orchestra No.5, Op.106 (also published as "Telegraph Musicale, Op.103").” Classical Archives. 2006. Accessed 2/13/16. http://www.classicalarchives.com/work/286672.html

Raykoff, Ivan. “Piano, Telegraph, Typewriter: Listening to the Language of Touch.” In Media, Technology, and Literature in the Nineteenth Century: Image, Sound, Touch,” 159-186. Surrey, England: Ashgate Publishing, 2011.

Stevens, Robert. “The Instrument Gallery.” Distant Writing: A History of the Telegraph Companies in Britain Between 1838 and 1868. 2012. http://distantwriting.co.uk/instruments.html.

“The ‘Musical Telegraph’ Elisha Gray. USA, 1876.” 120 Years of Electronic Music:The history of electronic music from 1800 to 2015. Accessed February 13, 2016.

http://120years.net/the-musical-telegraphelisha-greyusa1876/


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.