A review of the genus Sarota (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae).

J. P. W. Hall

Abstract


A review of the genus Sarota Westwood, 1851, is presented which includes a brief overview of the biology, biogeography and taxonomic history of its component species, a key to the identification of adults, illustrations of all known species and subspecies (including many type specimens) with accompanying taxonomic notes and the descriptions of five new species and two new subspecies: Sarota chloropunctata n. sp., Sarota chocoensis n. sp., Sarota completa n. sp., Sarota harveyin. sp., Sarota willmotti n. sp., Sarota estrada sabanilla n. ssp., and Sarota gametia alba n. ssp.. Twenty species are recognised. Neotypes are designated for Sarota acantus (Stoll, 1782) and Sarota gyas (Cramer, 1775). The tribe Sarotini (= Charitini Auctt.) is synonymised with the tribe Helicopini (n. syn.), and a cladogram based on a small character matrix is used to illustrate generic relationships within the more inclusive, newly conceived tribe.

Keywords


Amazon; Anteros; Araceae; Argentina; behavior; biogeography; Bolivia; Brazil; Callistium; Central America; Charts; Charitini; Charmona; Choco; cladistics; Colombia; Comphotis; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Ernests; Fabaceae; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Helicopini; Helicopis; Honduras; hostplants; Hypochrysops; Lejuniaceae; Lycaenidae; Mexico; Neotropical; Nymphidium; Ourocnemis; Panama; Peru; Phaenochitonia; pheromones; Sarota chloropunctata n sp; Sarota chocoensis n sp; Sarota completa n sp; Sarota harveyi n sp; Sarota willmotti n sp; Sarota estrada sabanilla n ssp; Sarota gametia alba n ssp; Sarotini; South America; Sterculiaceae; Surinam; taxonomy; Theope; Tiliaceae; Trinidad; Venezuela

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