Four new species of Symmachiini from Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae).

J. P. W. Hall, K. R. Willmott

Abstract


Four new species in the riodinid tribe Symmachiini, Symmachia busbyi n. sp., Symmachia emeralda n. sp., Pirascca patriciae n. sp., and Xenandra ahrenholzi n. sp. are described from Ecuador, with brief notes on their habitats and behavior. The taxon hypochloris Bates, 1868, is transferred from Exoplisia Godman & Salvin, 1886, in the tribe Riodinini, to Symmachia Hübner, [1819] (n. comb.), Xenandra heliodes C. & R. Felder, 1865, is synonymised with Xenandra agria (Hewitson, [1853]) (n. syn.), and the taxon mielke Hall & Furtado, 1999, is transferred from Xenandra C. & R. Felder, 1865, to Symmachia (n. comb.).

Keywords


androconia; Cayenne; Chocó; cloud forest; endemism; Exoplisia; French Guiana; Junín; Menander; Mesene; Mesenopsis; Morona-Santiago; Napo; Pastaza; perching behavior; Periplacis; Peru; Pichincha; Pirascca; Pirascca patriciae n sp; Riodinini; San Martín; South America; Stichelia; Symmachia; Symmachia busbyi n sp; Symmachia emeralda n sp; taxonomy; Tungurahua; Xenandra; Xenandra ahrenholzi n sp

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