Four new species of Symmachiini from Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae).

J. P. W. Hall, K. R. Willmott


Four new species in the riodinid tribe Symmachiini, Symmachia busbyi n. sp., Symmachia emeralda n. sp., Pirascca patriciae n. sp., and Xenandra ahrenholzi n. sp. are described from Ecuador, with brief notes on their habitats and behavior. The taxon hypochloris Bates, 1868, is transferred from Exoplisia Godman & Salvin, 1886, in the tribe Riodinini, to Symmachia Hübner, [1819] (n. comb.), Xenandra heliodes C. & R. Felder, 1865, is synonymised with Xenandra agria (Hewitson, [1853]) (n. syn.), and the taxon mielke Hall & Furtado, 1999, is transferred from Xenandra C. & R. Felder, 1865, to Symmachia (n. comb.).


androconia; Cayenne; Chocó; cloud forest; endemism; Exoplisia; French Guiana; Junín; Menander; Mesene; Mesenopsis; Morona-Santiago; Napo; Pastaza; perching behavior; Periplacis; Peru; Pichincha; Pirascca; Pirascca patriciae n sp; Riodinini; San Martín; South America; Stichelia; Symmachia; Symmachia busbyi n sp; Symmachia emeralda n sp; taxonomy; Tungurahua; Xenandra; Xenandra ahrenholzi n sp

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Tropical Lepidoptera Research