The biology and immature stages of Panacea procilla lysimache (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) from Costa Rica, with the report of a new locality record.

J. C. Daniels, E. Rodriguez, J. C. Whelan


Descriptions of the immature stages of Panacea procilla lysimache are presented, along with new locality records for this butterfly and its larval host plant in Costa Rica. Basic natural history, larval behavior, larval host use, and the distribution of Panacea procilla lysimache are discussed.


Batesia; biology; Caryodendron; Euphorbiaceae; Guanacaste; host plants; immature stages; larvae; Neotropical; Nicaragua; pupae

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