Immature stages of the butterfly Actinote zikani (Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae: Acraeini), a critically endangered butterfly from southeastern Brazil.

R. B. Francini, E. De Proença Barbosa, A. V. L. Freitas


The early stages, food plant, and behavior of the endangered species Actinote zikani D'Almeida, 1951, are described from southeastern Brazil, Paranapiacaba, São Paulo. The only recorded host plant is a liana, Mikania obsoleta (Asteraceae). Eggs and larvae are grouped, and general morphology and behavior are similar to those of other species of Actinote. All immature stages are described in detail and compared with other Actinote species. Os estágios imaturos, a planta hospedeira e o comportamento da espécie ameaçada Actinote zikani D'Almeida, 1951, são descritos de material proveniente de Paranapiacaba, São Paulo, Sudeste do Brasil. A única planta hospedeira registrada é a trepadeira Mikania obsoleta (Asteraceae). Os ovos e as larvas são agrupados, e a morfologia geral e comportamento são muito similares aos de outras espécies conhecidas de Actinote. Todos os estágios imaturos são descritos em detalhes e comparados àqueles de outras espécies conhecidas de Actinote.


Acraeini; life history; Mikania obsoleta; conservation biology

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